• 1. 
    True or False there is no “right” or “wrong” answer on ethical decision making.

  • True
  • False
  • 2. 
    What applications can gel electrophoresis be used for?

  • Parental Testing
  • Criminal Investigations
  • Sequence Endangered Species DNA
  • All of the above
  • 3. 
    North Carolina's #1 Biotech Industry is

  • Biomedical Research
  • Environmental Biotechnology
  • Making Clones
  • Agriculture
  • 4. 
    How will advances in genetics most likely affect biotechnology?

  • Biotechnology will provide cures for all diseases in the future.
  • Biotechnology will gradually phase out of the field of medicine.
  • Biotechnology will create new genes that will make certain diseases disappear from the human genome.
  • Biotechnology will enable better prediction and treatment of various diseases.
  • 5. 
    This is the practice of producing a genetically identical cell or organism

  • Cloning
  • Gel Electrophoresis
  • Genetic Engineering
  • DNA Fingerprinting
  • 6. 
    The entire collection of genes within human cells is referred to as the ______.

  • human genome
  • karyotype
  • pedigree
  • gene map
  • 7. 
    ________ are used to ________ DNA pieces by ________

  • Restriction enzymes, connect, fission
  • Restriction enzymes, isolate, "snipping"
  • Plasmids, connect, fission
  • Plasmids, isolate, "snipping"
  • 8. 
    Which technique would most likely be used by forensic scientists?

  • Cloning
  • Gene Therapy
  • DNA Fingerprinting
  • Karyotyping
  • 9. 
    A genetically engineered organism that contains a new gene from a different organism is called?

  • Bacterial
  • Genetic
  • Transgenic
  • Multigenic
  • 10. 
    Which has the Human Genome Project been useful in determining?

  • the gender of an individual
  • the frequency of crossing-over during meiosis
  • whether a fetus has Down Syndrome
  • whether individuals could carry genes for a certain condition
  • 11. 
    Maggie is a transgenic goat. How does being transgenic make Maggie different from non-transgenic goats?

  • Maggie has DNA from both of her parents.
  • Maggie has DNA that winds around proteins.
  • Maggie has DNA implanted from another organism
  • Maggie has DNA that uses a different coding system.
  • 12. 
    Individual beliefs that motivate people to act one way or another

  • Facts
  • Alternatives
  • Values
  • Arguments
  • 13. 
    Using a virus to enter a cell and replace defective genes with healthy genes is called

  • tissue culturing
  • bioremediation
  • cloning
  • gene therapy
  • 14. 
    A DNA molecule produced by combining DNA from different sources is called?

  • Mutant DNA
  • Polyploid DNA
  • Diploid DNA
  • Recombinant DNA
  • 15. 
    This diagram shows the DNA fingerprints of a common ancestor of Deer Species. Which deer species is most related to the common ancestor

  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 16. 
    _________________ is NOT a common ethical concern related to human cloning.

  • That humans will be created who exist solely as a supply of organs for transplants
  • That clones will be more prone to abnormal development
  • That parents will pay to have a child that is a clone of a famous athlete
  • That cloned humans will have no personality
  • 17. 
    Genetically engineered bacteria are currently being used to produce certain human proteins. Which best explains the advantage associated with this process?

  • The genetically engineered proteins can be used to produce human clones.
  • The genetically engineered proteins have been found to cure most cancers.
  • The genetically engineered proteins are less harmful than normal human proteins.
  • The genetically engineered proteins can be produced in large quantities with less cost.
  • 18. 
    What was the first cloned animal?

  • Dolly the Sheep
  • Robby the Rat
  • Milton the Mouse
  • Beth the Goat
  • 19. 
    Which would be the benefit of a transgenic crop?

  • decreased drought tolerance
  • decreased disease resistance
  • increased resistance to pests
  • increased demands for nutrients
  • 20. 
    Ethics deals only with factual statements.

  • True
  • False
  • 21. 
    How does each person’s DNA differ?

  • The bonds in the DNA are all different.
  • There are different orders of nitrogenous bases.
  • The phosphates in the DNA are different.
  • There are different kinds of sugars in the nucleotides.
  • 22. 
    The Human Genome Project has made diagnosing genetic disorders easier.Once a genetic disorder is diagnosed, ____ can be used as a possible treatment.

  • cell cultures
  • gene therapy
  • DNA fingerprinting
  • PCR
  • 23. 
    Which of the following is used to cut DNA from organisms?

  • Gel Electrophoresis
  • Restriction Enzymes
  • Karyotypes
  • Haplotypes
  • 24. 
    When genes from one organism are inserted into the genes of another organism that is know as...

  • Stem Cell Therapy
  • Genetic Engineering
  • Cloning
  • Selective Breeding
  • 25. 
    If scientists engineer the DNA of tomatoes to make them survive in cold temperatures, what do type of technology do those tomatoes become?

  • Human Genome Project
  • Genetically Modified Organisms
  • Punnett Squares
  • Gene Therapy
  • 26. 
    Which is a use of genetically engineered bacteria?

  • making human insulin
  • DNA fingerprint for blood left at a crime scene
  • producing corn that is resistant to herbicides
  • 27. 
    Which field would most likely NOT incorporate biotechnology?

  • Agriculture
  • Genetics
  • Medicine
  • Mining
  • 28. 
    Bacterial DNA is _________ than human DNA

  • More simple
  • Less simple
  • uglier
  • deadlier
  • 29. 
    A genome is

  • part of a chromosome
  • a gene inserted into a chromosome of bacteria
  • a sequence of units in a short segment of DNA
  • the complete sequence of an organism’s DNA
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