• 1. 
    In a normal human, which substance should be 100% reabsorbed, meaning that it should not be present in the urine

  • glucose
  • salt
  • water
  • urea
  • 2. 
    High pressure in Bowman's capsule is caused by a _________ afferent arteriole and a __________ efferent arteriole

  • large, small
  • small, large
  • nutrient rich, nutrient poor
  • nutrient poor, nutrient rich
  • 3. 
    The liver controls the storage and breakdown of which substance that helps regulate blood sugar

  • Glycogen
  • Insulin
  • Bile Salts
  • Cholesterol
  • 4. 
    ________ occurs in Bowman's capsule, ______ occurs in the proximal tubule, _______ occurs in the loop of Henle, _______ occurs in the distal tubule, and ________ occurs in the collecting duct of the kidney

  • water retention,¬†selective reabsorption, ultrafiltration,¬†osmoregulation through a salt gradient, selective reabsorption
  • osmoregulation through a salt gradient, selective reabsorption, ultrafiltration, water retention,¬†selective reabsorption
  • selective reabsorption, ultrafiltration, osmoregulation through a salt gradient, water retention, selective reabsorption
  • ultrafiltration, selective reabsorption, osmoregulation through a salt gradient, selective reabsorption, water retention
  • 5. 
    Malpighian tubules are found in which of the following organisms

  • Humans
  • Crickets
  • Fish
  • Snakes
  • 6. 
    Which of the following is not eliminated via the excretory system

  • Excess nitrogenous waste
  • Water
  • Feces
  • All of above
  • 7. 
    Which of the following is not a plasma protein produced by the liver

  • Fibrinogen
  • Amylase
  • Globulin
  • Albumin
  • 8. 
    Crenated blood vessels most likely result from

  • Overhydration
  • Dehydration
  • Lack of thyroid production
  • Proper ADH production
  • 9. 
    ADH is produced in response to

  • Dehydration
  • Overhydration
  • Toxins in the blood
  • Buildup of bilirubin
  • 10. 
    Which of the following is not a part of the nephron

  • Bowman's capsule
  • Loop of Henle
  • Podocyte
  • Distal convoluted tubule
  • 11. 
    Which of the following is not a function of the liver

  • Formation of bile salts
  • Detoxification of blood
  • Osmoregulation
  • Storage of glycogen
  • 12. 
    The descending limb of the loop of Henle causes a loss of ______ while the ascending limb causes a loss of _______

  • salt, water
  • salt, urea
  • water, salt
  • water, urea
  • 13. 
    Mammals are___________ while fish are_____________

  • osmoconformers, osmoregulators
  • Osmoregulators, osmoconformers
  • 14. 
    Kupffer cells break down which type of body cell

  • Glycogen
  • Erythrocytes
  • Leukocytes
  • Iron
  • 15. 
    From which vessel does the liver receive nutrient rich blood from the gut

  • Hepatic artery
  • Hepatic portal artery
  • Portal vein
  • Hepatic vein
  • 16. 
    Podocytes are the functional unit of

  • The glomerulus
  • The liver
  • The distal convoluted tubule
  • Bowman's capsule
  • 17. 
    The yellow skin caused by jaundice is from an overproduction of bilirubin (bile pigment) resulting from

  • The breakdown of red blood cells
  • The production of reactive metabolites in the detoxification process
  • The ultrafiltration of the blood
  • Overproduction of antioxidants
  • 18. 
    Which of the following is a similarity between capillaries and sinusoids

  • Incomplete basement membrane
  • Gaps between endothelial cells
  • Specialized to allow for diffusion
  • Only located in the kidney
  • 19. 
    Which vessel removes deoxygenated blood from the liver

  • Hepatic artery
  • Hepatic portal artery
  • Hepatic vein
  • Portal vein
  • 20. 
    When ADH production is increased, the amount of active aquaporins in the collecting duct of the kidney is

  • increased
  • decreased
  • kept steady
  • irrelevant
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