• 1.  What was the result of overgrazing pastures due to restrictions on pastoral movements?

  • The quality of pastures declined
  • This created deterioration of animal stock
  • Underfed cattle died in large numbers during scarcity and famine
  • All the above
  • 2.  Which of these are the pastoral communities of Africa?

  • Bedouins, Berbers
  • Maasai, Somali
  • Boran, Turkana
  • All the above
  • 3.  Which of these statements is true?

  • Large areas of grazing land were turned into game reserves
  • Pastoralists were not allowed to enter these reserves
  • Serengeti National Park was created over 14,760 km of Maasai grazing land
  • All the above
  • 4.  How was the authority of both elders and warriors adversely affected by the British efforts to administer the affairs of the Maasai?

  • The British appointed chiefs of different sub-groups of Maasai
  • These chiefs were made responsible for the affairs of the tribe
  • The British imposed various restrictions on raiding and warfare
  • All the above
  • 5.  Which seasonal movements affect the Dhangars of Maharashtra?

  • Cold and snow
  • Climatic disturbance
  • Drought and flood
  • Alternate monsoon and dry seasons
  • 6.  Nomadic tribes need to move from one place to another because of:

  • Seasonal changes
  • In search of pastures
  • To maintain ecological balance
  • All the above
  • 7.  Raika pastoral community belongs to:

  • Himachal Pradesh
  • Rajasthan
  • Jammu and Kashmir
  • Maharashtra
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