• 1.  Which among the following groups was against any kind of political or social change?

  • Nationalists
  • conservatives
  • liberals
  • radicals
  • 2.  Which of these statements is/are correct about Europe after the French Revolution?

  • Suddenly it seemed possible to change the aristocratic society of the 18th century.
  • However not everyone wanted a complete transformation of society.
  • Some wanted gradual shift, while others wanted complete change of society.
  • All the above
  • 3.  Which of the following factors made autocracy unpopular in Russia?

  • The German origin of the Tsarina Alexandra
  • Poor advisors like the Monk Rasputin
  • The huge cost of fighting in the World War I
  • Both (a) and (b)
  • 4.  How can you say that the ‘liberals’ were not ‘democrats’?

  • They did not believe in universal adult franchise
  • They felt that only men of property should have a right to vote
  • Women should not have right to vote
  • All the above
  • 5.  What kind of developments took place as a result of new political trends in Europe?

  • Industrial Revolution occurred
  • New cities came up
  • Railways expanded
  • All the above
  • 6.  Who conspired in Italy to bring about a revolution?

  • Bismarck
  • Karl Marx
  • Giuseppe Mazzini
  • None
  • 7.  What were the demands made by the workers in St. Petersburg who went on a strike?

  • Reduction of working time to eight hours
  • Increase in wages
  • Improvement in working conditions
  • All the above
  • 8.  In the World War I, which started in 1914, Russia fought against

  • Britain and France
  • Germany and Austria
  • America
  • All the above
  • 9.  Which of the following statements is/are correct?

  • By 1916, railway lines in Russia began to break down
  • There were labour shortages and small workshops producing essentials were shut down
  • Large supplies of grain were sent to feed the army
  • All the above
  • 10.  On 27th February 1917, soldiers and striking workers gathered to form a council called

  • Soviet Council
  • Petrograd Soviet
  • Moscow Union
  • Russian Council
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