• 1.  The person who got people from village, ensured them jobs, helped them settle in cities and provided them money in times of need was known as: [CBSE 2011]

  • Stapler
  • Fuller
  • Gomastha
  • Jobber
  • 2.  Why did Manchester export to India decline after the First World War?

  • People were busy fighting the war.
  • Factories closed down due to security problem.
  • Factories and mills were busy producing goods to fulfill the need of army.
  • Export trade was restricted by the government.
  • 3.  Why were workers in England hostile to machines and new technology?

  • They did not know how to use these.
  • They feared that they would lose their jobs and livelihood.
  • The workers were too poor to buy new machines.
  • They were scared of machines.
  • 4.  Why were there frequent clashes between the gomastha and the weavers?

  • The weavers hated foreigners.
  • The gomastha forced the weavers to sell goods at a dictated price.
  • Gomasthas were outsiders without long term social link with the village.
  • None of the above.
  • 5.  From which of the following trade did the early entrepreneurs make a fortune?

  • Textile trade
  • China trade
  • Trade in tea
  • Industries
  • 6.  Which of the following was a European managing agency?

  • Tata Iron and Steel Company
  • Andrew Yule
  • Elgin Mill
  • Birla industries
  • 7.  Why did the weavers suffer from a problem of raw cotton?

  • The cotton crop perished
  • Raw cotton exports increased
  • Local markets shrank
  • Export market collapsed
  • 8.  In Victorian Britain the upper classes- aristocratic class and bourgeoisie preferred handmade goods because:

  • they were made from imported material.
  • the handmade goods came to symbolize refinement and class.
  • they were better finished.
  • only upper class could afford the expensive items.
  • 9.  By late 19th century why did the British manufacturers print calendars for advertisements?

  • Indian people were fond of using calendars in their houses.
  • Unlike newspapers and magazines, calendars were used even by people who did not know how to read or write.
  • It was cheaper to advertise goods through calendars.
  • It used to add beauty to the room.
  • 10.  Which of the following innovations helped the weavers in increasing productivity and compete with mill sector?

  • Spining jenny
  • Fly shuttle
  • Cotton Gin
  • Roller
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