• 1.  After 1940s, building activity opened up greater opportunities of employment. What kind of work was introduced?

  • Construction of big business houses.
  • Construction of mills and factories.
  • Construction of railway lines, railway stations and digging up of tunnels.
  • Construction of cinema halls for entertainment.
  • 2.  Coarser cotton was produced in many countries but finer varieties came from:

  • Persia
  • 3.  With the growth of colonial power, trade through the new ports of Bombay and Calcutta came to be controlled by:

  • Indian merchants
  • European companies
  • The East India Company
  • British Parliament.
  • 4.  Identify the incorrect option. Early entrepreneur of India:

  • Dwarkanath Tagore of Bengal
  • Seth Hukumchand of Calcutta
  • Bhai Bhosle of Bombay
  • Dinshaw Petit and Jamsetjee . Nusserwanjee—Parsis of Bombay.
  • 5.  How did the mill owners organize the recruitment of workers? Choose the correct answer from the list given below:

  • They were recruited through tests/ examinations.
  • Selection boards used to be set up.
  • Owners employed through jobbers (very often the jobber was an old trustworthy worker).
  • Family members of the owners were recruited.
  • 6.  Why did the weavers suffer from a problem of raw cotton?

  • Raw cotton exports increased.
  • The cotton crop perished.
  • Local markets shrank.
  • Export market collapsed.
  • 7.  Name the most dynamic industry in Britain.

  • Food processing
  • Leather goods production
  • Cotton and metal industries
  • Electronic goods production
  • 8.  How did the East India Company prevent the Indian weavers from dealing with other companies?

  • Paid higher prices for their products.
  • Bought them off as slaves.
  • Offered them loans for their production.
  • Imposed extra tarrif to discourage them to deal with other foreigners.
  • 9.  Which war materials were produced in India to supply to Britain during World War I?

  • Gunpowder, cannons and other ammunition.
  • Jute bags, cloth for army uniforms, tents and leather boots.
  • Medicines for the wounded soldiers.
  • Hammers, axes and other building material.
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