• 1. 
    After 1940s, building activity opened up greater opportunities of employment. What kind of work was introduced?

  • Construction of big business houses.
  • Construction of mills and factories.
  • Construction of railway lines, railway stations and digging up of tunnels.
  • Construction of cinema halls for entertainment.
  • 2. 
    Coarser cotton was produced in many countries but finer varieties came from:

  • Persia
  • India
  • China
  • Surinam
  • 3. 
    With the growth of colonial power, trade through the new ports of Bombay and Calcutta came to be controlled by:

  • Indian merchants
  • European companies
  • The East India Company
  • British Parliament.
  • 4. 
    Identify the incorrect option. Early entrepreneur of India:

  • Dwarkanath Tagore of Bengal
  • Seth Hukumchand of Calcutta
  • Bhai Bhosle of Bombay
  • Dinshaw Petit and Jamsetjee . Nusserwanjee—Parsis of Bombay.
  • 5. 
    How did the mill owners organize the recruitment of workers? Choose the correct answer from the list given below:

  • They were recruited through tests/ examinations.
  • Selection boards used to be set up.
  • Owners employed through jobbers (very often the jobber was an old trustworthy worker).
  • Family members of the owners were recruited.
  • 6. 
    Why did the weavers suffer from a problem of raw cotton?

  • Raw cotton exports increased.
  • The cotton crop perished.
  • Local markets shrank.
  • Export market collapsed.
  • 7. 
    Name the most dynamic industry in Britain.

  • Food processing
  • Leather goods production
  • Cotton and metal industries
  • Electronic goods production
  • 8. 
    How did the East India Company prevent the Indian weavers from dealing with other companies?

  • Paid higher prices for their products.
  • Bought them off as slaves.
  • Offered them loans for their production.
  • Imposed extra tarrif to discourage them to deal with other foreigners.
  • 9. 
    Which war materials were produced in India to supply to Britain during World War I?

  • Gunpowder, cannons and other ammunition.
  • Jute bags, cloth for army uniforms, tents and leather boots.
  • Medicines for the wounded soldiers.
  • Hammers, axes and other building material.
  • 10. 
    Why was it difficult to get a job in a factory in 19th century Britain?

  • Employers were looking for only skilled workers and they rejected inexperienced applicants.
  • The number of jobs were less than the number of job seekers.
  • Employers did not prefer migrants.
  • Employers wanted educated workers.
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